Both these war were in the same reason and between same states, but there are various similarities and differences between the causes, execution and outcomes of these war. These Wars were against the same ruler that also provides that second Gulf War or the Iraq War was itself the consequence or the aftermath of Persian War against Saddam Husain.
Ottoman Empire[ edit ] American commercial interaction with the Ottoman Empire which included the area that later became modern Iraq began in the late s. Ambassador to the United Kingdom U.
According to the preamble of the convention, "the United States of America recognizes Iraq as an independent State. InIraq terminated its mandate status.
Consequently, formal diplomatic relations were not established between the U. Eisenhower had established a Special Committee on Iraq SCI in April to monitor events and propose various contingencies for preventing a communist takeover of the country.
Kennedy administration's belief that Iraq was not important to the broader Cold War —resulted in the disestablishment of the SCI within days of Kennedy's inauguration as President.
Navy task force to Bahrainand the U. The situation was finally resolved in October, when the British troops were withdrawn and replaced by a 4,strong Arab League force. The Kennedy administration's initially "low-key" response to the stand-off was motivated by the desire to project an image of the U.
In Julyfollowing months of violence between feuding Kurdish tribes, Barzani returned to northern Iraq and began retaking territory from his Kurdish rivals. Although Qasim's government did not respond to the escalating violence, the Kurdish Democratic Party sent Qasim a list of demands in August, which included the withdrawal of Iraqi government troops from Kurdish territory and greater political freedom.
Faced with the loss of northern Iraq after non-Barzani Kurds seized control of a key road leading to the Iranian border in early September and ambushed and massacred Iraqi troops on September 10 and September 12, Qasim finally ordered the systematic bombing of Kurdish villages on September 14, which caused Barzani to join the rebellion on September By MarchBarzani's forces were in firm control of Iraqi Kurdistan, although Barzani refrained from taking major cities out of fear that the Iraqi government would launch reprisals against civilians.
Ambassador to Iraq, John Jernegan, which argued that the U.
Despite the Iraqi warnings, senior U. From September through FebruaryQasim repeatedly blamed the "criminal activities" of the U. On February 7, State Department executive secretary William Brubeck informed Bundy that Iraq had become "one of the more useful spots for acquiring technical information on Soviet military and industrial equipment and on Soviet methods of operation in nonaligned areas.
While there have been persistent rumors that the CIA orchestrated the coup, declassified documents and the testimony of former CIA officers indicate there was no direct American involvement, although the CIA was actively seeking to find a suitable replacement for Qasim within the Iraqi military and the U.
The most powerful leader of the new government was the secretary of the Iraqi Ba'ath Party, Ali Salih al-Sa'di, who controlled the militant National Guard and organized a massacre of hundreds—if not thousands—of suspected communists and other dissidents in the days following the coup.
While Barzani had released 1, Arab prisoners of war as a gesture of good faith, Iraqi Foreign Minister Talib Shabib told Melbourne on March 3 that the government was unwilling to consider any concessions beyond cultural autonomy and was prepared to use anti-Barzani Kurds and Arab tribes in northern Iraq to co-opt the Kurds's guerrilla methods.
Mathews has meticulously established that National Guard leaders who participated in human rights abuses had been trained in the United States as part of a police program run by the International Cooperation Administration and Agency for International Development.
Stronginformed al-Bakr of a Barzani peace proposal delivered to the U. While a Barzani-initiated ceasefire would have allowed the government to claim victory, al-Bakr "expressed astonishment" over American contacts with the Kurds, asking why the message had not been delivered through the Soviets.
President Arif, with the overwhelming support of the Iraqi military, purged Ba'athists from the government and ordered the National Guard to stand down; although al-Bakr had conspired with Arif to remove al-Sa'di, on January 5,Arif removed al-Bakr from his new position as Vice Presidentfearful of allowing the Ba'ath Party to retain a foothold inside his government.
Johnson administration favorably perceived Arif's proposal to partially reverse Qasim's nationalization of the IPC's concessionary holding in July although the resignation of six cabinet members and widespread disapproval among the Iraqi public forced him to abandon this planas well as pro-Western lawyer Abdul Rahman al-Bazzaz 's tenure as Prime Minister; Bazzaz attempted to implement a peace agreement with the Kurds following a decisive Kurdish victory at the Battle of Mount Handren in May Strong and making a number of friendly gestures to the U.
Duncan handed over the keys to the U. Belgium became the protecting power for the U. Interests Section of the Belgian Embassy. India agreed to serve as the protecting power for Iraq in Washington. State Department to Iraqi officials, offering to resume normal relations if Iraq agreed to provide compensation for damage to the U.
Remembering the collapse of the short-lived coalition government inal-Bakr quickly ordered Naif who was not a Ba'athist arrested and exiled on July 30, cementing the Ba'ath Party's control over Iraq until the U. Foster of the NSC predicting immediately after the coup that "the new group Nixon Doctrine The Richard Nixon administration was confronted with an early foreign policy crisis when Iraq publicly executed 9 Iraqi Jews at the end of January gulf war between several allied states and Iraq, in which the United States and its allies deployed a portion of their military capabilities with the goal of expelling Iraq from Kuwait (but NOT with the goal of taking over Kuwait).
A analysis by researchers from the United States, Iraq and Canada took a broader look at the likely death toll from the war. Their findings: Their findings. The first set of issues I want to discuss has to do with the harm the war did to the United States.
Coming into , the US enjoyed a great deal of sympathy and solidarity from the rest of the world (including Iran) over the al-Qaeda strikes of September 11, initiativeblog.com>Persian Gulf War. The Persian Gulf War. AKA The First Iraq War () The Gulf War (also now known as the First Iraq War), as the first major conflict involving the United States since Vietnam proved to be a catharsis of sorts for the American military and public Read More on the Gulf War .
The war between Iraq and Iran initiated by Iraq dictator Saddam Hussein in September provided no gains or benefits to either country, at the end of the war in July of after 8 long years.
At the conclusion of many wars throughout history, at least one party resulted in gaining territory, wealth, power, and other profits. U.S. Strategy and the War in Iraq and Syria. May 13, Iraq has just seen one of its most horrifying days of terrorism in what is now some thirteen years of war. ISIS has struck at Iraq’s civilian population with the clear goal of dividing the country between Sunni and Shi’ite—although one of its three bombs did kill Sunnis as well.