Read with a pencil Read a poem with a pencil in your hand. Mark it up; write in the margins; react to it; get involved with it. Circle important, or striking, or repeated words. Draw lines to connect related ideas.
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: There is not much literary history in antiquity or the Middle Ages. Literary history begins to be written seriously in the early modern period.
The writing of this kind of history coincides with the appearance of national identity, that is, the sense of identity associated with the nation-state. Literary history is one form of expression of national identity.
Efforts have been made from time to time to introduce an international perspective into literary history, but most projects in the field are still conceived within a nationalist framework. The study of reading is considerably older than the writing of literary history and is not grounded in any single period, doctrine, or ideological position.
The chronology of the subject can be divided conveniently into five phases, dealing respectively with oral traditions, alphabetic literacy, rolls and manuscripts, printing, and computers including advanced telephones.
Its history can be written from a variety of perspectives, for example, those that deal with reading materials, reading practices, and theories of interpretation. The most significant change in reading materials before the age of printing took place in late antiquity, when the ancient roll was replaced [End Page ] by the codex, the forerunner of the modern book.
The first examples deal with reading as a mode of verbal communication; from the early modern period, they are concerned, as nowadays, with both oral and written texts. Reading was not conceived as an autonomous subject, but was interdependent with other verbal disciplines, that is, phonology, grammar, and rhetoric.
It was Plato and Aristotle who first thought about reading as a problem between oral and written communication. Just as all men have not the same writing, so all men have not the same speech sounds, but the mental experience, which these directly symbolize, is the same for all, as also are those things of which our experiences are the images.
Victor, Bonaventure, Dante, and Petrarch. Under the influence of St. Benedict and Gregory the Great, monastic communities evolved a style of meditative reading that emphasized silence, solitude, interiority, emotion, and the use of visual images.
In the Carolingian period Latin education was revived, a distinctive script emerged, and word separation related to silent reading appeared in insular manuscripts. The Middle Ages can thus be said to have created the foundations of modern textual authority, whose range was extended during the Renaissance [End Page If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click 'Authenticate'.
You are not currently authenticated. View freely available titles:Literary criticism (or literary studies) is the study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. Modern literary criticism is often influenced by literary theory, which is the philosophical discussion of literature's goals and methods.
The UIL Literary Criticism Contest is a minute test in which the student's familiarity with the concepts associated with literary analysis, authors, and works that represent English-language literary history, as well as some of its classical and international influences, is assessed.
New Literary History, , – Toward Interpretive Pluralism: Literary History and the History of Reading* Brian Stock Introduction A s a discipline, literary history is about four centuries old.
Welcome to the Aspects of Literary History course. This is an ambitious course with a number of separate but interwoven strands: 1) The course will introduce you to some of the key concepts of literary history. How to Read a Poem Use the guidelines below to learn how to read a poem and understand it.
Read with a pencil; Examine the basic subject of the poem; Consider the context of the poem; Study the form of the poem; Look at the word choice of the poem; Finishing Up. Read with a . Reading and Literature – A Glossary of Literary Terms 4 Index: An alphabetical listing that gives page numbers or books where information can be found.
Mystery: A novel, story, or play involving a crime or secret activity and its gradual solution. Nonfiction: True writing, based on factual information. Periodical: Another word for magazine.