Creative and Critical Thinking in Language Classrooms Muhammad Kamarul Kabilan University Technology MARA Kedah, Malaysia The communicative approach to language teaching emphasizes the use of language, meaning and language as a communication tool and hypothesizes that learners become proficient by using the language and not just by learning about the language. However, it is the view of this writer that merely using the language and knowing the meaning is not enough. To become proficient in a language, learners need to use creative and critical thinking through the target language.
Decision Making is the cognitive process resulting in the selection of a belief or a course of action among several alternative possibilities.
Every decision-making process produces a final choice that may or may not prompt action. Decision-making is the process of identifying and choosing alternatives based on the values and preferences of the decision-maker. This is the best decision we can make at this time based on our current level of knowledge and information.
Suspension of Judgment involves waiting for all the facts before making a decision.
Much of the scientific method is designed to encourage the suspension of judgments until observations can be made, testedand verified through peer review.
The advance of social science often depends on excluding cognitive biasof which many forms are known. Avoid fear-based decisions or escape-based decisionsfocus on target-based decisions.
Everyone can make better decisions, and everyone has the ability to make good decisions, but not everyone is aware of what good decisions they can make or what good choices are available.
This is why informing the public, and educating every student to the highest degree is absolutely necessary. This is life or death decision. And I choose life, like most people do. People realize the problems in the world but they don't know how to solve these problems.
You must put the process of problem solving in motion.
You need to find short term and long term solutions. We need to go beyond just treating social diseases, we need to cure these diseases once and for all. Conditional is information that should be kept in mind when making a decision.
To specify as a condition, provision or requirement in a contract or agreement. Condition is a state at a particular time. A mode of being or form of existence of a person or thing.
The state of good health or being in good condition or in good shape. A bad condition would be an illness, disease, or other medical problem. Condition can also mean to develop children's behavior by instructions and practice, especially to teach self-control or establish a conditioned response.
Condition can also mean to make an assumption on which rests the validity or effect of something else. The procedure that is varied in order to estimate a variable's effect by comparison with a control condition.
To specify as a condition, provision, demand or requirement in a contract or agreement. Analysis Paralysis or paralysis by analysis is the state of over-analyzing or over-thinking a situation so that a decision or action is never taken, in effect paralyzing the outcome.
A decision can be treated as over-complicatedwith too many detailed optionsso that a choice is never made, rather than try something and change if a major problem arises.
A person might be seeking the optimal or "perfect" solution upfront, and fear making any decision which could lead to erroneous results, while on the way to a better solution. Optimal Stopping is concerned with the problem of choosing a time to take a particular action, in order to maximize an expected reward or minimize an expected cost.
Stopping Time or stopping rule is a mechanism for deciding whether to continue or stop a process on the basis of the present position and past events, and which will almost always lead to a decision to stop at some finite time.
In this model, the decision maker is assumed to generate a possible course of action, compare it to the constraints imposed by the situation, and select the first course of action that is not rejected.
Consensus Decision-Making is a group decision-making process in which group members develop, and agree to support, a decision in the best interest of the whole.
Consensus may be defined professionally as an acceptable resolution, one that can be supported, even if not the "favourite" of each individual. Consensus is defined by Merriam-Webster as, first, general agreement, and second, group solidarity of belief or sentiment.
Democracy - Consensus Decision Making - Working Together Consensus is a group decision-making process in which group members develop, and agree to supporta decision in the best interest of the whole.
Diplomatic - Comments from the Peanut Gallery Scientific Consensus is the collective judgmentposition, and opinion of the community of scientists in a particular field of study. Consensus implies general agreement, though not necessarily unanimity.
Consensus is normally achieved through communication at conferences, the publication process, replication reproducible results by othersand peer review. These lead to a situation in which those within the discipline can often recognize such a consensus where it exists, but communicating to outsiders that consensus has been reached can be difficult, because the 'normal' debates through which science progresses may seem to outsiders as contestation.BM WSQ helps professionals, managers, executives and technicians (PMETs) to be equipped with valuable skills to remain competitive.
BM WSQ helps professionals, managers, executives and technicians (PMETs) to be equipped with valuable skills to remain competitive. Home / Course Finder / Display Critical Thinking and Analytical . Dartmouth Writing Program support materials - including development of argument.
Fundamentals of Critical Reading and Effective Writing. Mind Mirror Projects: A Tool for Integrating Critical Thinking into the English Language Classroom (), by Tully, in English Teaching Forum, State Department, Number 1 Critical Thinking Across the Curriculum Project, Metropolitan Community College.
Critical and analytical thinking skills Using critical and analytical thinking may seem daunting at first, but by following a series of clearly defined steps, you can start to use such skills sooner than you may have imagined. Problem Solving Problem Solving is the Capacity and the Ability to Evaluate Information and to Predict Future Outcomes.
The Ability to Seek out Logical Solutions to Problems, Calmly and Systematically, without making things worse. Decision Making - Cause and Effect. "There are no Problems, only Solutions" Every Problem can be solved, you just have to learn how to solve it.
What logical thinking is, the attributes logical thinkers have, why employers value logical thinking skills, and examples of applied logical thinking.
Creative thinking means looking at something in a new way. It is the very definition of “thinking outside the box.” Often, creativity in this sense involves what is called lateral thinking, or the ability to perceive patterns that are not obvious.