Effects of light intensity and wavelength on the rate of photosynthesis

Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Unpolarized light The atoms on the surface of a heated filament, which generate light, act independently of one another.

Effects of light intensity and wavelength on the rate of photosynthesis

It is also described as the degree of brightness that a plant is exposed to. In contrast to light quality, the description of the intensity of light does not consider wavelength or color. One footcandle is equal to However, the units footcandle and lux are merely based on visual sensitivity and do not provide information on the energy or photon content of light.

It describes the number of photons of light within the photosynthetic waveband that an area of 1 sq meter receives per second. It can be measured using a light meter. Another unit of measurement is the mol m-2d-1 which describes the total number of photons received by an area of 1 sq meter in 24 hours.

The following intensity values in footcandle are given for some light conditions Janick High light intensity means it is brighter compared to low light intensity.

Factors Affecting Light Intensity The intensity of light can change with the time of the day, season, geographic location, distance from the equator, and weather. Light intensity is also affected by dust particles and atmospheric water vapor, slope of the land, and elevation Edmond et al.

This causes a slight variation in the amount of light and heat that the earth receives. According to Manakerthe amount of natural light that may enter a building is affected by the location of windows or glass surface through which light enters, the presence of trees and shrubs, roof overhangs, window screens and awnings, and the tint and cleanliness of the glass.

Within a building, the amount of light, whether natural or artificial, will be further affected by curtains and blinds, surface textures, and reflectance from wall coverings, furniture, and other furnishings.

Further, leaves on a single plant differ in the amount of light that they receive. The amount of light incident on a leaf decreases as sunlight passes downward through the canopy. Leaves on the upper part of the canopy tend to shade and reflect light away from the lower leaves.

However, different plants have optimum requirements and both deficient and excessive light intensities are injurious. Subject to physiological limits, an increase in the intensity of light will result to an increase in the rate of photosynthesis and will likewise reduce the number of hours that the plant must receive every day Manaker During summer when light supply is abundant and almost continuous in Alaska, potatoes and cabbages of enormous sizes have been produced Janick According to Chapman and Carterthe minimum limit for the process of photosynthesis in most plants is between and fc.

Effects of light intensity and wavelength on the rate of photosynthesis

But light intensity of as low as 10 lux 0. Deficient light intensities tend to reduce plant growth, development and yield. This is because low amount of solar energy restricts the rate of photosynthesis. Below a minimum intensity, the plant falls below the compensation point.

Photosynthesis significantly slows down or ceases while respiration continues. Compensation point is the metabolic point at which the rates of photosynthesis and respiration are equal so that leaves do not gain or lose dry matter.

Etiolation, a morphological manifestation of the adverse effect of inadequate light, is described by Chapman and Carter in the following manner: Likewise, excessive light intensity should be avoided.

It can scorch the leaves and reduce crop yields.Light - Unpolarized light: The atoms on the surface of a heated filament, which generate light, act independently of one another. Each of their emissions can be approximately modeled as a short “wave train” lasting from about 10−9 to 10−8 second.

The electromagnetic wave emanating from the filament is a superposition of these wave trains, each having its own polarization direction.

Watching gas bubble up from a pondweed as it photosynthesises can be a great demonstration or student practical. When placed closer to a light source, the rate of bubbling will speed up, and as the pondweed is taken further away, the bubbles will slow down again - an instant and visual indicator of the importance of light intensity in photosynthesis.

Source - G.R. Delpierre and B.T. Sewell, University of Capetown (Modified) Radiation Wavelength and Frequency. The frequency f (Hertz) of the wave is inversely proportional to the wavelength λ (metres) and is given by the relationship. f = c / λ. where c is the speed of light (m/sec)..

Radiation and the Inverse Square Law. Dec 14,  · Light intensity has a very large effect on the rate of photosynthesis. In most cases, the more light the faster photosynthesis occurs. However, at some point there's a limit that the rate of photosynthesis cannot increase above.

The amount and intensity of solar radiation that a location or body of water receives depends on a variety of factors.

Effects of light intensity and wavelength on the rate of photosynthesis

These factors include latitude, season, time of day, cloud cover and altitude. Great Barrier Reef. Water Absorption Spectrum. Water absorbs over a wide range of electromagnetic radiation with rotational transitions and intermolecular vibrations responsible for absorption in the microwave (≈ 1 mm - 10 cm wavelength) and far-infrared (≈ 10 µm - 1 mm), intramolecular vibrational transitions in the infrared (≈ 1 µ- 10 µ) and electronic transitions occurring in the.

Light Intensity in Plant Growth and Development