Exploring the connections between business, development and transformation: How important are social entrepreneurs for economic development? What value is created by social entrepreneurship? My findings conclude that the social entrepreneur sector is increasingly important for economic and social development because it creates social and economic values:
Focus Entrepreneurial behavior research is mainly concerned with what entrepreneurs do, in what order and to what extent, and how these activities help create, discover and develop new organizations Van de VenGartner or new economic activity Shane and Venkataraman,Davidsson, As such, the behavioral tradition typically emphasizes entrepreneurship as an emergent process.
This approach does not imply a radical behaviorism in the Skinnerian sense of seeing mental explanations as unscientific or regarding consciousness as nonexistent.
Instead it should be understood as part of the organizational behavior tradition, and in terms of methodology it often follows Mintzberg and others in the tradition of managerial work cf. Antecedents The focus on entrepreneurial behaviors is a development away from both the contextual and especially the traits traditions.
During the s, researchers from the contextual tradition used models of aggregate population dynamics that downplayed the micro level, i. At about the same time, the traits approach was criticized both conceptually and for lack of results.
The argument was that just as general management Mintzberg and leadership research Van de Ven had benefited Literature review of entrepreneurship investigating behaviors, so would entrepreneurship.
Entrepreneurship is about what people do rather than who they are. This means that entrepreneurship can and should be exercised systematically Drucker So even if individual characteristics and contextual influences are important as Schumpeter also thoughtit is the actual observable behaviors that matter and should be the main focus of investigation.
Method Research on entrepreneurial behaviors has traditionally been dominated by cross-sectional surveys and retrospective methods.
Such approaches make it hard to establish causal relationships and more generally to appreciate the emergent nature of the entrepreneurial process Davidsson In recent years more and more researchers have therefore begun to employ longitudinal methods.
These studies typically identify emerging ventures and then track their development by measuring startup behaviors, events, strategic decisions, and typical activities e.
Van de Ven et al. In the Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics PSED and related large-scale studies, behaviors are often predefined and then measured on a number of occasions e.
Others use more open-ended measures that allow for more qualitative interpretations of the emerging processes Van de Ven Discover a problem, Develop a solution, Accumulate resources, Market the product, Create an organization, Produce, Sell e. Block and MacMillan A number of empirical comparisons suggest that there is no particular sequence of behaviors associated with entrepreneurial success Gartner and Carter Based on longitudinal in-depth case studies of high-tech innovation projects, Van de Ven et al.
Others maintain that even if the specific sequences may vary between cases, there exists a set of behaviors that are common for all successful entrepreneurs. Variation in the sequence is caused by differences in initial resource endowments, but once this is factored in there exists a fairly general recipe for success Newbert Some of the earliest investigations of entrepreneurial behaviors found that high levels of entrepreneurial activity among nascent entrepreneurs were positively related to success, i.
However, the results also indicated that those who started a firm and those who failed had similar activity patterns.
Both groups expended a lot of energy and effort, i. Those who neither failed nor succeeded but kept on trying were found to undertake substantially fewer start-up activities.
This indicates that entrepreneurs should generally speed up the venture process so that the value of an identified opportunity may be evaluated as soon as possible Carter et al. Others reach different conclusions.Literature review of entrepreneurship essays.
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A Literature Review on Entrepreneurial Development and its antecedents This literature review can create a platform for further study in Indian scenario. Entrepreneurial Development and. Academic Fields beginning with the letter A. Accounting Accounting / Taxation, Kogod. Degrees: BS, Minor, MS Advanced Leadership Studies Government, SPA.
Degrees: Cert (UG) African American and African Diaspora Studies Critical RGC Studies, CAS. Degrees: Minor, BA Agile Project Management School of Professional & Extended Studies, SPExS. Degrees: MS, Cert (G). literature review Introduction The aim of this chapter is to develop the knowledge and understanding on the subject matter as well as providing the theoretical background for the study.
The authors' goals for this book include: 1) to review and summarize the existing research literature on factors influencing the success of collaboration; 2) report the results of the literature review; and 3) to provide practical tools (pp.
xii, xiii). The International Review of Entrepreneurship entered the Chartered Association of Business Schools journal rankings in as an ABS2 in recognition of the high.