Abbreviations for coated one side and coated two sides. Calender To make the surface of paper smooth by pressing it between rollers during manufacturing. Caliper 1 Thickness of paper or other substrate expressed in thousandths of an inch mils or pointspages per inch ppithousandths of a millimeter microns or pages per centimeter ppc.
Branching off[ edit ] Under German patent law, a procedure consisting in deriving a utility model German: Gebrauchsmuster from a pending patent application.
C[ edit ] Catch and release[ edit ] The practice of a patent holding company buying a patent, offering a license to its members and then selling or donating the patent after a certain period of time.
The states selected under Chapter I by the applicant are called "designated States". An international preliminary examination is conducted in this case. The demand indicates the Contracting State or States in which the applicant intends to use the results of the international preliminary examination "elected States".
Claim patent A noun phrase defining the extent of the protection conferred by a patent, or the extent of protection sought in a patent application.
Clearance search and opinion[ edit ] A search done on issued patents or on pending patent applications to determine if a product or process infringes any of the claims of the issued patents or pending patent applications.
These searches and opinions are also called freedom-to-operate searches and opinions. Common general knowledge[ edit ] A legal concept used notably when assessing whether an invention involves an inventive step and whether the disclosure of the invention is sufficiently clear and complete for a skilled person in the art to be able to carry out the invention.
The common general knowledge "is the common knowledge in the field to which the invention relates. It may, for example, affect the steps it will be obvious for him to take, including the nature and extent of any literature search.
Compulsory license Using compulsory licenses, a government may force a patent proprietor to grant use to the state or others. Usually, the holder does receive some royaltieseither set by law or determined through some form of arbitration.
Continuation-in-part application[ edit ] Under United States law, a type of continuing application in which the applicant adds subject-matter not disclosed in the parent application, but repeats substantial portion of the parent's specification, and shares at least one inventor with the parent application.
See continuing patent application.
Continuing patent application In United States law, an active patent application, prior to final action, may give rise to additional applications for additional claims carrying the priority date of the original application.
With the move to published applications, this has become a common way of producing submarine patents. The approach consisted in establishing whether the "contribution to the art" made by the invention was only in a field excluded from patentability by Article 52 2 and 3 EPC and, if so, the application could be refused.Glossary of Pyrotechnic Terms.
G Explosives Formerly known as Class B special fireworks. Items classified as G explosives are display fireworks. G Explosives Formerly known as Class C common fireworks.
Items classified as G explosives are consumer fireworks intended for . Definitions of paper industry jargon, printing paper terms, and more.
Use the Graphic Communications paper glossary of terms to understand paper definitions like an . Confederation of Paper Industries, CPI is the voice of the paper industry in the UK, representing papermakers, tissue manufacturers, corrugated packaging producers, and recovered paper merchants Glossary of Papermaking Terms.
Glossary of Papermaking Terms ABRASION RESISTANCE Ability of paper product to withstand abrasion. Measured by determining degree and rate that a.
Glossary of technical terms and definitions in the papermaking and paper products industry. Login | Register Paper Glossary. Acid-Free Acid-free papers are manufactured in an alkaline environment, which prevents the internal chemical deterioration of the paper over time.
Cover Paper Cover paper is a heavyweight coated or uncoated paper. Discover a glossary of paper terms used throughout the industry. Neenah Paper has you covered from A to Z for all of your paper information needs.