Why do we love reality television? Jesse Hicks August 24, Probing Question: The abundance of reality television has begun to seem as reliable as the seasons, with shows like American Idol more popular than ever and imitators proliferating on the cable channels.
History[ edit ] Television formats portraying ordinary people in unscripted situations are almost as old as the television medium itself. Queen for a Day — was an early example of reality-based television. The television game show Cash and Carry sometimes featured contestants performing stunts. In the s, game shows Beat the Clock and Truth or Consequences involved contestants in wacky competitions, stunts, and practical jokes.
|Who can edit:||Given this boom in so-called "second screen" viewing, there are some cutting-edge television creatives in the industry who predict that the traditional TV set in the corner of the lounge is in danger of turning into the second screen.|
|Researching Reality Television||History[ edit ] Television formats portraying ordinary people in unscripted situations are almost as old as the television medium itself. Producer-host Allen Funt 's Candid Camerain which unsuspecting people were confronted with funny, unusual situations and filmed with hidden cameras, first aired inand is often seen as a prototype of reality television programming.|
The series You Asked for It — incorporated audience involvement by basing episodes around requests sent in by postcard from viewers. Every seven years, a film documented the life of the same individuals during the intervening period, titled the Up Seriesepisodes include "7 Plus Seven", "21 Up", etc.
The program was structured as a series of interviews with no element of plot.
However, it did have the then-new effect of turning ordinary people into celebrities. In the Direct Cinema film Chelsea GirlsAndy Warhol filmed various acquaintances with no direction given; the Radio Times Guide to Film stated that the film was "to blame for reality television".
In a counterpart program, The Familywas made in the UK, following the working class Wilkins family of Reading. The Dating GameThe Newlywed Gameand The Gong Showall of which featured participants who were eager to sacrifice some of their privacy and dignity in a televised competition.
The series is credited with starting the career of Sheena Eastonwho was selected to appear in the episode showing an aspiring pop singer trying to enter the music business.
The Canadian series Thrill of a Lifetimea fantasies-fulfilled reality show, originally ran from to and was revived from to Weatherly was nominated for an Emmy Award for Outstanding Achievement in informational programming.
The series Nummer 28which aired on Dutch television inoriginated the concept of putting strangers together in the same environment for an extended period of time and recording the drama that ensued.
Nummer 28 also pioneered many of the stylistic conventions that have since become standard in reality television shows, including a heavy use of soundtrack music and the interspersing of events on screen with after-the-fact "confessionals" recorded by cast members, that serve as narration.
Nummer 28 creator Erik Latour has long claimed that The Real World was directly inspired by his show;  however, the producers of The Real World have stated that their direct inspiration was An American Family.
These systems made it easy to quickly edit hours of video footage into a usable form, something that had been very difficult to do before film, which was easy to edit, was too expensive to shoot enough hours of footage with on a regular basis.
Simpson murder casestarting with 90 minutes of live network television of Simpson being chased by police, has been described as a seminal moment in reality television, with coverage of the true-life drama interrupting regular television programming for months and dominating ratings and the public conversation.
The dating reality show Streetmate premiered in the UK in The production team from the original series went on to create popular reality shows Strictly Come DancingLocation, Location, Locationand the revamped MasterChefamongst others.
In the United States, reality television programs experienced a temporary decline in viewership inleading some entertainment industry columnists[ who? Survivor led the ratings in —02and Idol has the longest hold on the No. Internationally, a number of shows created in the late s and s have had massive global success.
At least ten reality-television franchises created during that time have had over 30 international adaptations each: Several " reality game shows " from the same period have had even greater success, including Deal or No DealWho Wants to Be a Millionaire?
In India, the competition show Indian Idol was the most popular television program for its first six seasons. Fox Reality in the United States, which existed from to ; Global Reality Channel in Canadawhich lasted two years from to ; and Zone Reality in the United Kingdom, which operated from to DVDs for reality shows in fact sold briskly; Laguna Beach: Another option is to create documentaries around series including extended interviews with the participants and outtakes not seen in the original airings; the syndicated series American Idol Rewind is an example of this strategy.
A Fox staple sinceCOPS has, as of when it moved to cable channel Spikeoutlasted all competing scripted police shows. Another series that has seen wide success is Cheaterswhich has been running since in the U. Into better differentiate between competition and informational reality programs, a second category, Outstanding Reality-Competition Programwas added.
Duck Dynastya hunting -themed reality series featuring the Robertson family that founded Duck Commanderin became the most popular reality series in U.Television reality programs encourage higher levels of audience activity than typical programs, primarily because of their focus on ordinary people competing for prizes, romance, and success.
The abundance of reality television has begun to seem as reliable as the Years of surfing the Web and playing video games have taught younger viewers to expect more interaction with their entertainment media.
American Idol's voting via toll-free numbers and text messaging provides the television audience a previously unheard-of level of.
The concept of ‘interactivity’ has gained increasing currency in relation to television. At the level of programming, at least, this has been made visible with the phenomenal rise of reality TV.
Reality competition shows, such as Dancing with the Stars, The Amazing Race, and Survivor, have taken advantage of the new social media capabilities by integrating fan voting, audience polling, and show topic hashtags into. The Audience in Reality TV Why does society enjoy reality television?
Reality television’s heavy use of editing strategy is highly deliberate and often used to . requiring interaction with the television program, reality programs offer the audience a participatory experience. These programs encourage activity while watching, as well.