We are a Non-Profit Organization and the cost of continuing is becoming more than we can handle.
The evidence of any ancient civilization was elusive. Not only did he provide amazing descriptions of the Mesopotamian site, but he also brought back to Europe clay bricks bearing numerous wedge-shaped marks, that he had uncovered from great earth-mounds found at Nineveh and Ur.
Each layer revealed the earlier remnants of older Mesopotamian buildings, temples, statues, and tools. Since no one could interpret the marks, the clay tablets held onto their secrets. Over three centuries would pass before historians and archeologists would find the crucial clues which would unlock the deciphering symbol-key, not in Mesopotamia, but in ancient Persia now Iran.
After excavating down 25 meters to virgin soil, archeologists finally unearthed the mysteries of the Sumerians—the oldest known civilization on Earth c—c B. Other teams of workers practiced advanced cultivation and harvesting techniques. Division of labor enabled the Sumerians to utilize their skills as craftsmen carpenters, metalworkers, and sculptorsmerchants, boatmen, priests, soldiers, even doctors.
Keeping track of so many important things compelled them to create substantial documentation. As their civilization grew, the Ancient Sumerians invented symbols to represent numbers, creating a system of arithmetic, based on two numerals—10 and While we employ a base system for our mathematical calculations and decimals, the Sumerians chose 60 as their base system.
It took the Sumerian scribes many hundreds of years to develop their system of writing.
Their initial picture writings were clumsy and confusing. Soon their signs began to stand for words rather than objects. Pictures changed into wedge-shaped marks, which formed sentences when placed in a series, i.
Eventually, each mark represented a sound instead of an idea or object. This significant step enabled Sumerians to convey in writing whatever they could convey by speaking. Ancient Sumerians — A Mythical Civilization As advanced as the Ancient Sumerians were in the areas of mathematics and communication, they lacked understanding of the forces of nature, causes for diseases, or famine.
The Sumerians began to worship many of the forces of nature. Their whole world centered upon the power of deities, as well as countless demons, spirits, and ghosts. Their stories, some imaginative, others terrifying, helped the Sumerians explain their unpredictable and powerful gods.
Creation of the World — Enlil, the god of heaven and the air separated heaven and earth. The Creation of Man — The gods made clay from moist river mud and shaped it until arms and legs appeared, and then they gave the clay life. Sumerians believed that humans were created to serve the gods.
Through worship and blind obedience to the desires of their gods, the Sumerians hoped to obtain protection from disasters such as diseases, droughts, and floods.
The Great Flood — Long ago, there was a great multitude of people living long and fruitful lives. Because they made so much noise, the gods could not sleep. The irritated gods decided to destroy all of humanity by flooding the Earth. One god, Enki, pitied the humans and decided to warn one good man, Utnapishtim, who built a boat which held his family, possessions, and animals of the field.
For six days and nights, the flood covered the earth, turning the rest of mankind to mud. When the waters subsided, Utnapishtim gave thanks and the gods gave him eternal life.
But the deities decided the rest of humanity should die younger. In the Bible, Genesis records the wickedness of man, prompting God to wipe mankind from the face of the earth. Ur was the homeland of Abraham and the starting point of his migration to Canaan Genesis Godthe Father, sent His only Son to satisfy that judgment for those who believe in Him.
Jesusthe creator and eternal Son of God, who lived a sinless life, loves us so much that He died for our sins, taking the punishment that we deserve, was buriedand rose from the dead according to the Bible.
If you truly believe and trust this in your heart, receiving Jesus alone as your Saviordeclaring, " Jesus is Lord ," you will be saved from judgment and spend eternity with God in heaven.
What is your response?Other articles where Sumerian literature is discussed: Mesopotamian religion: Sumerian literature: Mesopotamian literature originated with the Sumerians, whose earliest known written records are from the middle of the 4th millennium bce.
It constitutes the oldest known literature in the world; moreover, inner criteria indicate that a long oral-literary . Sumerian art, an introduction Cities of ancient Sumer, photo (CC BY ) The region of southern Mesopotamia is known as Sumer, and it is in Sumer that we find some of the oldest known cities, including Ur and Uruk.
That writing system, invented by the Sumerians, emerged in Mesopotamia around BCE. This lesson plan is designed to help students appreciate the parallel development and increasing complexity of writing and civilization in Mesopotamia. Sumerian Culture Before the Sumerians appeared on the land, it had been occupied by a non-Semitic people, referred to as Ubaidians.
Their name comes from the village of Al Ubaid, in which their remains were first found by archaeologists. Ancient Sumerians. Ancient Sumerians – The Cradle of Civilization The Anicent Sumerians are thought to be one of the first urban societies.
In B.C., human beings in many parts of the world still hunted their prey, tended sheep, and lived in caves or huts. History >> Ancient Mesopotamia The Sumerians are thought to have formed the first human civilization in world history.
They lived in southern Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in the Middle East. one of the world's oldest surviving works of literature. They invented the first form of writing, a number system, the.